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Understanding the Different Types of Fat

Fat is one of the three macronutrients. It provides energy, and it also involved in many of the processes that go on inside of the body. Some of the vitamins need fat to absorb. However, it is important to note that there are several different types of fat.

Saturated Fat

This type of fat comes from meat and dairy products. Butter, stick margarine, pork, and beef are examples of some of the foods that contain saturated fat. Small amounts of this fat are not likely to harm you. However, if you consume this fat in excess, then you may be at an increased risk for developing high cholesterol and heart disease. There has also been evidence to suggest that saturated fat can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Trans Fats

Trans fat is by far the worst type of fat that you can consume. It lowers your good cholesterol and raises your bad cholesterol, which can increase your risk of developing heart disease. This type of fat is created when unsaturated fats are partially hydrogenated. Baked goods and processed foods are examples of some of the foods that are high in trans fat. The Food and Drug Administration is trying to ban this type of fat from processed foods.

Monounsaturated Fat

Monounsaturated fat is one of the good fats. Studies have shown that diets rich in monounsaturated fat can decrease cholesterol levels and cut heart disease risk. There has also been evidence to suggest that monounsaturated fat can help people control their blood sugar better. That is why this fat is very good for people who suffer from diabetes. Macadamia nuts, olives, hazelnuts, and corn oil are some of the foods that are rich in monounsaturated fat.

Polyunsaturated Fat

Polyunsaturated fat is found in oils and plant-based foods. Polyunsaturated fat can also decrease the risk of heart disease by lowering cholesterol. This type of fat may also reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. Omega-3 fatty acids are one type of polyunsaturated fat. These essential fatty acids have received a lot of positive attention because of their ability to improve heart health. Omega-3 fatty acids can lower blood pressure and protect against an irregular heartbeat.

You can very easily get the recommended amount of omega-3 fatty acids by including salmon in your diet. Chia seeds, flaxseeds and sardines are some of the other foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids.

Nutritional Science